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Treatment of asthma

 

Non-medical treatment

General health promotion will help asthmatics feel better. Thus healthy diet and avoiding obesity are important. Not smoking is important: smokers with asthma do not respond to treatment as well as non smokers and lung function deteriorates more rapidly over time than for smokers without asthma or asthmatics who do not smoke.

Although allergen avoidance measures such as mattress covers for dust mites seem intuitively likely to help, recent large trials showed no benefit for either treatment or prevention of asthma. Further studies are needed in targeted patient groups. Specific breathing exercises may be helpful but further research is required.

 

Inhalers

 

Tablets for asthma

A variety of other drugs are available in tablet form for asthma treatment: generally these are added if symptoms persist despite inhaled steroids.